Oxidation of iron sulphides in roofing slates
07/03/2014 3 Comments
In previous posts I have discussed one of the main pathologies of the slate, the oxidation of iron sulfides. According to EN 12326, to determine the oxidizability of the slate is used the thermal cycle test, which consists on submerging in water for 7 hours the slates, and then put them in an oven at 110 ° c for 16 hours. These steps form one cycle. The essay consists of 20 cycles, which in practice means that the total development time is 4 weeks, at a rate of 5 cycles per week. It also requires facilities and dedicated staff during that time. At the end of the test, depending on the alteration of iron sulphides, a code is given to the slate, T1/T2/T3 code, being the most favorable case T1, and T3 less favorable.
There is a much faster, simpler and cheaper method of determining the oxidizability of the slate. For several years I have been working with pre-oxidations induced by Hydrogen Peroxide, H2O2. With this method, within 24 hours it is possible to know how oxidizable is a slate. The concentration of H2O2 used is similar to what is sold in pharmacies, 3% concentration. Slate tiles are immersed in H2O2 during 24 hours at room temperature (20-25 ° C). After that time, tiles are washed with water (distilled is better, to avoid leaving any traces when dry) and examined. In the picture you can see a plate of slate without attack (0a), attacked 24 h (1a), 48 (2a) and 72 (3a) h. Most of the oxidation occurs within the first 24 h.
This technique has some elements to consider. The first is the analysis of the slate. Personally I always use image analysis, for which first I scan the slates with a normal scanner, at a resolution of 300 dpi. As my scanner has a maximum scan area of DIN A4 size, what I do is cut tiles to a size that fits well, eg 15 x 15 cm.
Once I have the images, I use a free program that works great, ImageJ. With this program I calculate the surface of the slate occupied by oxidations (pictures 0b, 1b, 2b and 3b), so that I have is a real numerical data, not the subjective assessment by an operator.
However, this method does not make much sense if it does not correlate with the levels of oxidation of EN 12326, T1, T2 and T3, which today are recognized and adopted by the slate sector. Oxidizability depends largely on the type of iron sulfide, so that neither can relate the oxidized area of the standard grades … nowadays.
This is one of the things I’m working on, the relationship between H2O2 attack and thermal cycling according to EN 12326.’s Solution shortly.